Low birth weight LBW is the medical classification for a baby who weighs less than grams—or 5 lbs 5 oz—at birth. While it may be scarier to care for a baby born at low birth weight, there aren't many differences in your day-to-day care of your newborn. However, family members of a low birth rate baby need to be extra vigilant to ensure the child stays healthy. Whether your baby was born premature or at term, they can be classified as LBW. Babies are born small for two main reasons: they were born early or they were born on time but didn't grow enough during pregnancy called intrauterine growth restriction, or IUGR. There are many specific causes of low birth weight.
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Low Birthweight | Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Skip to content. What is low birthweight? Low birthweight is a term used to describe babies who are born weighing less than 2, grams 5 pounds, 8 ounces. The overall rate of these very small babies in the United States is increasing.
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Dyspraxia or developmental coordination disorder DCD is characterized by problems with motor coordination, that affect academics, social integration and learning. The disorder affects the way the brain processes information and sends stimuli to the muscles, causing poor coordination 1. It may cause problems, such as clumsiness and difficulty in performing certain actions. Children with dyspraxia may show symptoms in early childhood, and the definite diagnosis is usually made after four or five years of age.
Pregnant women living in areas with contaminated drinking water may be more likely to have babies that are premature or with low birth weights considered less than 5. Featured in the Canadian Journal of Economics , the study shows that the effects of contaminated water -- which include numerous cognitive and developmental impairments -- are particularly significant for babies born to less-educated mothers. These mothers also are less likely to uproot from areas with contaminated water, which, the authors note, suggests a need for serious improvement in terms of communicating with people living in such environs. It's a particular problem for less-educated women who also presumably have less options in terms of housing.