Conjoined twins , also known as Siamese twins , are identical twins  joined in utero. A very rare phenomenon, the occurrence is estimated to range from 1 in 49, births to 1 in , births, with a somewhat higher incidence in Southwest Asia and Africa. Most live births are female, with a ratio of Two contradicting theories exist to explain the origins of conjoined twins. The more generally accepted theory is fission , in which the fertilized egg splits partially.
Conjoined twin babies joined from back and hip separated after 24-hour marathon surgery at AIIMS
Facts about Esophageal Atresia | CDC
The newborns are joined at the abdomen and desperately need an operation if they are to survive, a doctor in India warned. Doctors have no idea if the newborns - who have all their vital organs - are boys or girls because of the way they are joined. They desperately need surgery if they are to stand a chance of survival, an expert has warned. Their mother discharged herself shortly after their birth, and failed to turn up at the hospital she was referred to. Their year-old mother gave birth to the twins at a hospital in Uttar Pradesh in northern India earlier this month, and incredible pictures show the babies being cared for. Dr Rahul Aggarwal, a pediatric surgeon at Bhawani Prasad Hospital, delivered the conjoined twins earlier this month after the mother admitted herself mid-labour.
Overview of Conjoined Twin Separation Surgery
A rare phenomenon, the occurrence is estimated to range from 1 in 50, births to 1 in , births, with a somewhat higher incidence in Southwest Asia and Africa. Approximately half are stillborn , and a smaller fraction of pairs born alive have abnormalities incompatible with life. The condition is more frequently found among females, with a ratio of Two contradicting theories exist to explain the origins of conjoined twins.
These conjoined baby twins who shared genitals are now living happy lives apart after 44 doctors and nurses carried out a successful nine-hour operation to separate their private parts. Twins Gianluca and Santino were born on 20th September weighing 1. Their parents, Evelyn and Jonatan Figueroa had been told the twins were conjoined at the pelvis in the third month of pregnancy and Evelyn was sent to the hospital after just 17 weeks of pregnancy. After receiving special treatment Evelyn gave birth to the twins after 34 weeks of pregnancy in a caesarean operation. The twins also shared genitals and the surgery to separate them took place on 22nd June but has only just been reported in local media.